Using an email subject line tester will help you pinpoint your email marketing strengths and weaknesses. Here are a few strategies and tools for effective testing.
A/B testing for emails is a great way to gather valuable data when comparing different subject line variations. First, divide a subset of your email list into at least two groups. Then send one subject line to Group A and a different subject line to Group B. This method allows you to measure which one performs better in terms of open rates. Make sure your groups are randomized to prevent any bias and test only one variable at a time for clear results.
While A/B testing allows you to test two versions of a subject line, multivariate testing allows for more variations within the same test. If you’re testing multiple variables simultaneously, this approach might be more appropriate. Multivariate testing generally requires a larger email list to obtain statistically significant results due to the increased number of variables.
Time and day testing
The time and day in which you send emails impacts various metrics. Try sending emails at different times or on different days to determine when your audience is most likely to open them. You should also consider seasonality, holidays, or special events that may lead to different behavior. Use this testing method periodically to gather data over time.
Feedback and surveys
A direct method of testing subject lines is asking your subscribers for feedback on the subject lines themselves or what topics they're interested in. While this method won't give quantitative data like A/B tests, it can provide qualitative insights on your audience's preferences.
Subject line testing step by step
Follow these simple steps to develop an expert email subject line testing plan.
Define your goals
As with any type of research, it's important to establish a clear set of objectives. Consider what you want to learn through each test. Then determine the various metrics which can validate your hypothesis.
Craft multiple subject lines for testing
You need different variations of email subject lines to start your test. Begin by crafting multiple subject lines and then narrow it down to your top contenders. Depending on the type of test you will perform, select two or more versions to add to your test.
Split your email list
To effectively measure which subject line works best, you need to test them simultaneously on different subsets of your email list. Use software or email marketing tools that can randomly assign subscribers to different groups to avoid biases that might skew your results.
Ensure that the split groups are representative in terms of demographics, behaviors, and other relevant attributes. If possible, ensure that both groups have subscribers with varying levels of past engagement
Send your emails
After creating your subject lines and segmenting your audience, it's time to send the emails. As mentioned previously, the time and day in which you send emails may play a role in your audience's engagement. Choosing the best time to send an email and frequency for your email campaigns is vital. Consider factors such as time zone and historical engagement. Another key element to remember when sending your emails is maintaining consistency in email content across all subject line variations.
Analyze the results
After your audience has received and interacted with your emails, it's time to analyze the results. Here's what to consider as you analyze the test results:
- Performance metrics: Review key performance indicators (KPIs) such as open rates, click-through rates, and conversion rates.
- Statistical significance: Using statistical tools or tests, determine if the differences in performance between subject line variations are statistically significant and not due to chance.
- Audience segmentation: Analyze how each segment responded to the subject line variations to determine which subject lines were most effective for different customer groups.
Implement the winning subject line
After declaring a winner, you are ready to implement the subject line in your email campaign. Determine your rollout strategy and whether you will use the winning variation for all future emails or continue to segment and tailor subject lines based on audience characteristics. Ensure the content of your email aligns with the winning subject line and continue to track and monitor performance in subsequent campaigns.
Using an email subject line tester
The great news is you don't need to tackle subject line testing alone. An email subject line tester is a tool or software created to streamline the testing process. These tools help marketers optimize email subject lines to increase the overall success of their email campaigns.
How does it work? Subject line testers use algorithms and data analysis to provide scores and recommendations. Tools like Mailchimp's Subject Line Helper provide data-based feedback on word count, character count, punctuation, and emojis to help you create subject lines that convert. It even helps you conduct A/B tests to compare two subject lines and will automatically determine the better alternative. With custom reports, you can also track the performance of your new versus old subject lines over time, enabling informed decision-making.
Optimize Your Email Marketing Campaigns
Don't let a bad subject line stand in the way of your success. Instead, leverage your email marketing platform and subject line testing tools to help you unlock the full potential of effective subject lines. Relying on data-driven insights is the best way to inform your marketing strategy. Once you start testing different subject lines for your email campaigns, you'll learn more about your audience and your branding. Take your marketing campaigns to the next level by accessing intelligent insights and analytics.